Junjo Romantica: Pure Romance (Japanese: . It focuses on four storylines: the main. Stephen Hawking is the former Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge and author of A Brief History of Time which was an international bestseller. Now the Dennis Stanton Avery and Sally Tsui Wong-Avery Director of Research at the.
Old Court Nurseries are Specialist Growers of Asters ( Michaemlas Daisies). Picton Garden Displays The N. A family run business, since 1906, specialising in breeding and growing MICHAELMAS DAISIES (Autumn Flowering.
Atchafalaya - The New Yorker. The Low Sill at Old River. Credit Illustration by Tom Funk.
Three hundred miles up the Mississippi River from its mouth. In evident defiance of nature, they descend as much as thirty- three feet, then go off to the west or south. This, to say the least, bespeaks a rare relationship between a river and adjacent terrain. The adjacent terrain is Cajun country, in a geographical sense the apex of the French Acadian world, which forms a triangle in southern Louisiana, with its base the Gulf Coast from the mouth of the Mississippi almost to Texas, its two sides converging up here near the lock. The people of the local parishes (Pointe Coupee Parish, Avoyelles Parish) would call this the apex of Cajun country in every possible sense. I told him that I always have a bandanna in my pocket, wherever I happen to be. But that red handkerchief.
The nameplate on his desk said rabalais. The navigation lock is not a formal place. When I first met Rabalais, six months before, he was sitting with his staff at 1. Rabalais, born and raised on a farm near Simmesport, in Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana. When Rabalais was a child, there was no navigation lock to lower ships from the Mississippi. The water just poured out.
In each decade since about 1. Atchafalaya River had drawn off more water from the Mississippi than it had in the decade before. By the late nineteen- forties, when Rabalais was in his teens, the volume approached one- third. As the Atchafalaya widened and deepened, eroding headward, offering the Mississippi an increasingly attractive alternative, it was preparing for nothing less than an absolute capture: before long, it would take all of the Mississippi, and itself become the master stream. Somebody way back yonder.
We had some pretty sharp teachers. If it had, southern Louisiana would be a long narrow peninsula reaching into the Gulf of Mexico. Southern Louisiana exists in its present form because the Mississippi River has jumped here and there within an arc about two hundred miles wide, like a pianist playing with one hand. Always it is the river. As the mouth advances southward and the river lengthens, the gradient declines, the current slows, and sediment builds up the bed. Eventually, it builds up so much that the river spills to one side.
With Jerry Lewis, Stella Stevens, Del Moore, Kathleen Freeman. To improve his social life, a nerdish professor drinks a potion that temporarily turns him into the handsome, but obnoxious, Buddy Love. Rate My Professors is the best college professor reviews and ratings source based on student feedback. Over 1.6 million professors & 17 million reviews. Are you sure you want to delete this note? Once deleted, we can't bring it back.
Major shifts of that nature have tended to occur roughly once a millennium. Along Bayou Teche, on the high ground of ancient natural levees, are Jeanerette, Breaux Bridge, Broussard, Olivier. Eight hundred years before the birth of Christ, the channel was captured from the east.
It shifted abruptly and flowed in that direction for about a thousand years. In the second century a. Bayou Lafourche, which, by the year 1. By the nineteen- fifties, the Mississippi River had advanced so far past New Orleans and out into the Gulf that it was about to shift again, and its offspring Atchafalaya was ready to receive it. By the route of the Atchafalaya, the distance across the delta plain was a hundred and forty- five miles. The consequences of the Atchafalaya.
With its fresh water gone, its harbor a silt bar, its economy disconnected from inland commerce, New Orleans would turn into New Gomorrah. Moreover, there were so many big industries between the two cities that at night they made the river glow like a worm.
As a result of settlement patterns, this reach of the Mississippi had long been known as . They had come for its navigational convenience and its fresh water. They would not, and could not, linger beside a tidal creek. For nature to take its course was simply unthinkable. The Sixth World War would do less damage to southern Louisiana. Nature, in this place, had become an enemy of the state.
Rabalais works for the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Some years ago, the Corps made a film that showed the navigation lock and a complex of associated structures built in an effort to prevent the capture of the Mississippi. Our opponent could cause the United States to lose nearly all her seaborne commerce, to lose her standing as first among trading nations. Here by the site of the navigation lock was where the battle had begun. An old meander bend of the Mississippi was the conduit through which water had been escaping into the Atchafalaya.
Complicating the scene, the old meander bend had also served as the mouth of the Red River. Coming in from the northwest, from Texas via Shreveport, the Red River had been a tributary of the Mississippi for a couple of thousand years. The capture of the Red increased the Atchafalaya. On a map, these entangling watercourses had come to look like the letter .
The Atchafalaya and the captured Red were the left- hand side. The crosspiece, scarcely seven miles long, was the former meander bend, which the people of the parish had long since named Old River. Sometimes enough water would pour out of the Mississippi and through Old River to quintuple the falls at Niagara. It was at Old River that the United States was going to lose its status among the world. It was at Old River that New Orleans would be lost, Baton Rouge would be lost.
At Old River, we would lose the American Ruhr. It weighed five million tons, and it had stopped Old River. It had cut Old River in two. The severed ends were sitting there filling up with weeds. Where the Atchafalaya had entrapped the Mississippi, bigmouth bass were now in charge. The navigation lock had been dug beside this monument.
The big dam, like the lock, was fitted into the mainline levee of the Mississippi. On this day, he said, the water on the Mississippi side was eighteen feet above sea level, while the water on the Atchafalaya side was five feet above sea level. Cattle were grazing on the slopes of the levees, and white horses with white colts, in deep- green grass. Behind the levees, the fields were flat and reached to rows of distant trees.
Very early in the morning, a low fog had covered the fields. The sun, just above the horizon, was large and ruddy in the mist, rising slowly, like a hot- air baboon.
This was a countryside of corn and soybeans, of grain- fed- catfish ponds, of feed stores and Kingdom Halls in crossroad towns. There were small neat cemeteries with ranks of white sarcophagi raised a foot or two aboveground, notwithstanding the protection of the levees. There were tarpapered cabins on concrete pylons, and low brick houses under planted pines. Pickups under the pines. If this was a form of battlefield, it was not unlike a great many battlefields. Most battlefields, though, are places where something happened once.
Here it would happen indefinitely. We went out to the Mississippi.
Still indistinct in mist, it looked like a piece of the sea. Sixty- five kilotons per second. By the mouth of the inflow channel leading to the lock were rock jetties, articulated concrete mattress revetments, and other heavy defenses.
Rabalais observed that this particular site was no more vulnerable than almost any other point in this reach of river that ran so close to the Atchafalaya plain. There were countless places where a breakout might occur: . In the early planning stages, they had considered doing that, but there were certain effects they could not overlook.
The Atchafalaya, after all, was a distributary of the Mississippi. In time of thundering flood, the Atchafalaya was used as a safety valve, to relieve a good deal of pressure and help keep New Orleans from ending up in Yucat.
The Atchafalaya was also the source of the water in the swamps and bayous of the Cajun world. It was the water supply of small cities and countless towns. Its upper reaches were surrounded by farms. The Corps was not in a political or moral position to kill the Atchafalaya. It had to feed it water. By the principles of nature, the more the Atchafalaya was given, the more it would want to take, because it was the steeper stream.
The more it was given, the deeper it would make its bed. The difference in level between the Atchafalaya and the Mississippi would continue to increase, magnifying the conditions for capture. The Corps would have to deal with that. The Corps would have to build something that could give the Atchafalaya a portion of the Mississippi and at the same time prevent it from taking all. In effect, the Corps would have to build a Fort Laramie: a place where the natives could buy flour and firearms but where the gates could be closed if they attacked.
Ten miles upriver from the navigation lock, where the collective sediments were thought to be more firm, they dug into a piece of dry ground and built what appeared for a time to be an incongruous, waterless bridge. Five hundred and sixty- six feet long, it stood parallel to the Mississippi and about a thousand yards back from the water.
Between its abutments were ten piers, framing eleven gates that could be lifted or dropped, opened or shut, like windows. To this structure, and through it, there soon came a new Old River. The Corps was not intending to accommodate nature. Its engineers were intending to control it in space and arrest it in time. In 1. 95. 0, shortly before the project began, the Atchafalaya was taking thirty per cent of the water that came down from the north to Old River. This water was known as the latitude flow, and it consisted of a little in the Red, a lot in the Mississippi. The United States Congress, in its deliberations, decided that .
In perpetuity, at Old River, thirty per cent of the latitude flow was to pass to the Atchafalaya. The device that resembled a ten- pier bridge was technically a sill, or weir, and it was put on line in 1.
The old Old River was closed. The new Old River was opened.
The water, as it crossed the sill from the Mississippi. More or less simultaneously, the navigation lock opened its chamber. Now everything had changed and nothing had changed. Boats could still drop away from the river. The ratio of waters continued as before. Withal, there was a change of command, as the Army replaced nature. In time, people would come to suggest that there was about these enterprises an element of hauteur.